Deliverable 2.4 on Trade-Off from the Use of Big Data in Transport

In this report different types of rebound effects are addressed. This encompasses direct and indirect rebound effects, as well as society-wide, or overall rebound effects. Further different application areas of rebound effects are presented. They cover rebound effects in connection with energy efficiency measures and climate gas reduction measures, as well as in connection with measures aimed to reduce other environmental pollutants. Critique of the rebound effects is also presented. We then turn to strategies to mitigate the rebound effect and suggest approaches for assessment of rebound effects from the use of big data in transport. Two very different approaches are presented, that either focus on 1) the ICT-infrastructure or 2) the transport system. The two approaches are addressed in the two following chapters, first in the analysis of rebound effects from ICT and cloud computing (Chapter 5), then in connection with the LeMO case studies (Chapter 6). Passenger transport and freight transport are dealt with separately, also in connection with the various transport modes: road, rail, water and urban transport. The purpose of the chapter 7 is to map the aspects that may be relevant for further research in LeMO case studies and may be further elaborated in the next project phase in a report with consolidated case study findings.